Depression is a serious problem, because of the nature of it and because most cases of it are likely going unnoticed and untreated. According to the statistics, everyone has had to fight off at least one bout with depression, though there are numerous cases where the mood lasts far longer. There are many dangers that are connected to this particular mood disorder, though it can be treated with one of the various types of antidepressant. It should be noted, though, that some people might not get any sort of benefit from using certain types of antidepressant.
Knowing the various types of antidepressant out there can help you recognize if you have options other than what you’re already taking. This selection also helps doctors decide what would be best for a specific patient. Different types of antidepressant work in different ways, though they all have the universal effect of helping lift a patient’s mood and temporarily alleviating the air of doom and despair that hangs over the heads of the depressed. If nothing else, knowing the various antidepressant variations out there can at least give you some idea of what’s going on in your head and why it is helping you cope with your problems.
One of the common forms would be the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI). These drugs, as implied by their name, block the flow of serotonin, which is a neural stimulant that is responsible for mood regulation and control. Slowing or inhibiting the flow or serotonin in the brain is thought to help alleviate a number of mood and emotion-related problems, such as depression, stress, and anxiety. These also have the benefit of having less side effects than most other types of antidepressant.
There are also tricyclic antidepressants, which also block serotonin. However, tricyclic antidepressant medication also target another neural stimulant, norepinephrine. There is also some evidence that indicates that it might have an effect on the production and flow of other chemicals produced by the body and is not limited to the two neurotransmitters mentioned above.
Antidepressants of this variant are generally more potent than their SSRI counterparts, but also tend to have more serious side effects in the patients who use them. Also, the level of uncertainty involved in what other aspects of the body drugs of this type might have.
There are, of course, other types of antidepressant available on the market, but they are considerably less common than the ones listed above. Their side effects have been noted, but they vary from drug to drug. The same holds true for what they do once ingested into the body, though some research groups have noted that their effects are not as notable as SSRI or tricyclic medication. It is possible to be prescribed these medications, but for the most part, they are not usually prescribed unless everything else has proven ineffective.
There are also antidepressants based on monoamine oxidase inhibitors, which are also rarely prescribed by most doctors. As the name implies, they inhibit uptake and production of monoamine oxidase, which can often work where other drugs have failed. However, they are notoriously difficult to use for most patients and are considered to be a last resort by a number of doctors. Weakness, dizziness, and slight tremors are often cited to be the primary side effects of this type of medication.